21 Sep Genital Herpes
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease borne of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (usually associated with oral infection) and type 2 (usually genital). Genital herpes is contracted most often by having sex with someone who has the condition whether they have visible sores or not. Many people who have genital herpes experience either no symptoms or very mild ones that can be mistaken for other skin conditions. Because of this many people with genital herpes are unaware of their infection and can unwittingly spread it to others. There are no cures for oral or genital herpes, but treatments exist that can help people with herpes limit the number of outbreaks they have.
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“Herpes viruses are a leading cause of human viral disease, second only to influenza and common colds. They cause overt cold sores and chickenpox, or they may remain latent for many years to be reactivated in later life, as in shingles.
The name herpes is derived from the Greek word herpein which means to creep. This reflects the spreading or creeping nature of the skin lesions caused by many herpes viruses.
There are 25 types of herpes viruses. Six types cause medical problems in humans.
Herpes simplex 1 and 2 can infect both humans and other animals, but only humans show the blisters typical of the disease. The hallmark of herpes its ability to infect epithelial mucosal cells or lymphocytes. The virus then travels up peripheral nerves to a nucleated neurone where it may stay for years and be followed by reactivation.
The site of the initial infection is usually the oral or genital mucosa, depending on the way in which the person acquires therpes. It is often noted that HSV-1 infects above the waist and HSV-2 infects below the waist, but either version of herpes can infect at either locale, and this reflects the mode of transmission rather than any intrinsic property of the virus. Both types of herpes can also persistently infect macrophages and lymphocytes.”
Genital herpes often appears within 4-5 days after sexual exposure to herpes. Some of the common symptoms include pain, itching, and burning. Other signs may include headaches, muscle pain, and swollen and enlarged lymph nodes.
Cures are unavailable for any type of herpes. Though research for cures has been extensive, there has not been any significant developments among the scientific community for truly killing the virus. Many remedies exist however that provide effective treatment for herpes symptoms. Treatment can vary from natural remedies to prescription treatment, but effective remedies are directly relative to the treatment’s antiviral capabilities. Treatment “cures” away sores by suppressing herpes in the nerve root where it subsides; topical remedies are usually not strong enough to do anything more than penetrate the skin. In other words, the best treatment you can find will come in pill form, and remedies the source of the herpes outbreak – the nerve root.
Until proper cures are developed, remedies are the only source of oral or genital herpes treatment and relief.
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